Copenhagen Crossing

About the Copenhagen Crossing

Copenhagen Crossing is a concept that encapsulates the unique intersection of culture, innovation, and sustainability in the heart of the Danish capital. At its core, it represents a commitment to creating spaces that foster collaboration, connectivity, and community engagement.

In the UK, a Copenhagen Crossing represents a continuous pavement crossing a side street at an intersection of another street. This creates a priority for the pedestrian which is written in to highway law.

People turning into side roads in cars should always give way to people who have started to cross as described in the Highway code. Rule 170 of the Highway Code states - Pedestrians that have started to cross the side road have priority over vehicles turning into the side road. 

Vehicles turning out of the side road should abide by any give way markings and give way to any traffic including pedestrians and people cycling along the main road.

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Benefits include

Providing an uninterrupted route for pedestrians and cyclists;

Providing a clear visual and tactile indication that pedestrians and cyclists have priority, in line with the movement hierarchy;

Reducing vehicle approach and turning speeds; and

Providing a ‘gateway’ feature to indicate the transition from a primary or secondary street to a local street or tertiary, signaling the need for drivers to behave differently in the new environment.


Considerations to be taken in the design of a Copenhagen Crossing

The crossing should be designed to provide clear visual continuity of the footway across the side street with a focus on simplicity.

The crossing should be the same width as the main pavement and use the same surfacing material. If the existing pavement comprises asphalt in the same colour as the carriageway, a contrasting pavement material should be used for the crossing a short section either side (typically 3.0m) to differentiate.

Asphalt footways should not normally be used on new streets. Instead,  modular, block, flag or Imprint is preferred.

Whilst some space may be required for turning vehicles to give way, consideration should be given to maintaining pedestrian preferred lines of travel.

The crossing should include a ramp up to the level of the pavement, to provide a level surface for pedestrians and reduce vehicle speeds.

It might be also appropriate to narrow the carriageway of the side street at the entrance and include traffic management features to reduce vehicle movements.

Continuous crossings must be used whenever a lower order street, such as a local street connects to a higher order street, such as a primary street.


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Why Imprint is ideal for Copenhagen Crossings

As a 15mm layer of decorative Imprinted coloured surfacing, Imprint is ideal for a Copenhagen Crossing.

  • Can be laid on top of an asphalt ramp which has been installed to bring the crossing up to the level of the pavement.
  • Can be used to create a block paving or flag stone finish.
  • Is a visual delineator which clearly identifies the crossing with its pedestrian priorities.
  • Can be extended along the pavement on either side of the crossing to give continuity over the junction.
  • Can be trafficked without detrimental effect usually associated with traffic on flag stones and blocks.
  • Is a clear visual difference from the asphalt carriageway.
  • Quick and easy to install once the asphalt build ups have been created.
  • A choice of colour and pattern


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Before: Traditional junctions have a strong car bias leaving pedestrians to negotiate the appropriate time to cross.

After: Copenhagen Crossing with continuous pavement. Coloured and patterned Imprint surface, visually delineating the path of pedestrian and rewriting the rule book in line with the Highway Code and Danish theory.

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How to use Imprint and/or Texprint as an overlay on top of an asphalt build up with a key-in at the interface.


CASE STUDY

London Road, Kingston 

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The original Junction with vehicle priority


The revised Junction with pedestrian priority


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London Road, Kingston
(junction with Gordon Road)


The implementation of Imprint at the Copenhagen crossing is evidently effective.

In the initial photograph, the car holds priority, prompting pedestrians to adjust their walking path behind the vehicle.

Following the installation of Imprint, the roles are reversed, with the car patiently waiting for the pedestrian to cross.

Notably, the pedestrian's walking trajectory remains unchanged, underscoring how Imprint has solidified and upheld pedestrian priority at this junction.


Imprint slab pattern reinforces pedestrian routing


Priorities have been changed with effective design